Connecting and disconnecting a car battery is not difficult, but following the correct sequence when connecting the positive and negative cables is important from a safety point of view and preserving the battery’s health. Which terminal should you connect first on your car battery?
The positive battery terminal should always be connected first and the negative terminal last. This sequence reduces the risk of electric shock and power surges in the car’s electrical system that can blow fuses and bulbs and damage sensitive electronics or damage the car battery.
The proper sequence for connecting and disconnecting a battery will limit the risk of any nasty surprises when working on your car or battery. The easiest strategy to remember the order is to commit one sequence to memory and know that the sequence is reversed for the opposite connection.
What Is The Correct Order For Connecting Car Battery Terminals?
Suppose you are new to working on car electrical systems or doing your own vehicle maintenance. In that case, you may have a few anxious moments every time you disconnect or reconnect the battery.
You may be uncertain if there is a right or wrong way to connect and disconnect a battery. You may also be concerned about whether doing it the wrong way can cause a problem for you or your car.
So, if you are the type of DIY mechanic that gingerly approaches your car battery, anticipating sparks to fly, then we have some information to help you approach your car battery with confidence!
Connect The Positive Terminal First On A Car Battery
When reconnecting a car battery or installing a new car battery in your car, you need should follow the correct connection sequence.
Connect the positive terminal first, and tighten it down before connecting the negative terminal and securing it in place.
A car battery is an electrical circuit; the positive terminal can be considered the “live” connection, and the negative is the ground connection. The negative germinal completes the circuit, and you do not want the circuit to be active or “hot” when connecting the live or positive terminal.
If the negative battery terminal is connected first, there will be sparking and power surges through your car’s electrical circuits when connecting to the positive terminal.
These sparks and power surges can potentially give you an electric shock, which is an unpleasant and potentially dangerous experience. The power surges can result in blown fuses in your car, blown lightbulbs, and damage to sensitive electronics such as sensors and the car’s onboard computer.
Is Connecting The Positive Terminal First Completely Safe?
The correct way to connect a car battery is to connect the positive terminal first, but does this remove all risk when connecting the battery?
Connecting the positive terminal first reduces the risk of creating sparks and power surges in your car’s circuits, but it does not eliminate the risk completely.
You still need to exercise care when connecting the positive terminal to ensure your wrench or screwdriver does not inadvertently touch the battery’s negative terminal. This action will effectively short circuit the battery, creating a large spark and power discharge that can shock you.
Short-circuiting the battery also damages the battery internally and will shorten the effective life of your car battery.
Another situation to avoid is touching the negative terminal with one hand while working on the positive terminal with the other. Your body will complete the circuit between the positive and negative terminals, and you will receive a substantial electric shock.
Short-circuiting a car battery not only poses a risk of electric shock, but the battery can explode or expel battery acid. This type of accident with a car battery can cause serious damage and injury to any person in the vicinity.
Following the right battery terminal connection, the sequence does not remove all risk and requires that you still pay close attention to the process to avoid accidents.
What Are The Risks Of Connecting The Positive Battery Terminal Last?
If the negative terminal is connected before the positive terminal, the live terminal is active immediately when the positive cable touches it.
An active or “hot” positive terminal means there will be sparks and potential power surges when connecting the positive terminal. It increases the risk of sparks and power surges if the tool you are using to secure the positive terminal touches any earthed component in the engine bay or the chassis.
What is The Right Sequence For Disconnecting A Car Battery?
The same principle of making the battery safe by disconnecting the circuit applies when disconnecting a car battery.
The negative terminal should always be disconnected first to break the circuit, so the positive terminal is no longer live.
Once the negative terminal is disconnected, the positive terminal can be safely disconnected with minimal risk of electric shock or power surges in the car’s electrical systems.
The Right Sequence To Connect Jumper Cables To A Car Battery
Using jumper cables is another situation where you connect battery terminals, and the connection sequence matters.
When connecting the jumper cables, connect the positive cable first and connect the negative cable to the negative terminal last.
Both batteries should be connected at the same time using the same sequence. This means you should connect the positive cable to the positive terminal on both batteries and then connect the negative cable to the negative terminal of both batteries.
The reverse sequence should be followed when disconnecting the jumper cables. Disconnect the negative cables from the negative terminals of both batteries before disconnecting the positive cable from the positive battery terminals of both batteries.
Connecting and disconnecting a car battery’s terminals in the correct sequence reduces the risk of personal injury and damage to your car’s electrical system and the battery itself.
Always connect the positive terminal first and the negative terminal last, and the procedure should be reversed when disconnecting the battery.
Think of the negative terminal as the circuit breaker; it should always be open before you touch the positive terminal.